||Extract from The
Computer in Art*
||Overview on the early development of computer
art from the then Director of the Institute of Contemporary Arts (ICA),
||Report on the Ars Electronica
||This report details one of the first major international
digital art festivals, this one an annual event in Austria.
||Herbert W Franke
||The New Visual language:
The Influence of Computer Graphics on Art and Society
||A Leonardo paper by one of the earliest
pioneers of computer art.
The First Decade of Computer Art (1965-1975)*
||A thoughtful summary of the major development
in computer art up to that time by a leading theoretician.
||Herbert W Franke
||The Expanding Medium:
The Future of Computer Art
||Franke develops his ideas on computer art in this
second Leonardo paper.
||The Computer: a Tool
||A Leonardo paper by Dietrich with a strongly
philosophical basis, drawing on Hegel amongst others to contextualise
some important computer artists.
in the Development of Computer Art as a Mathematical Art Form
||One of a number of valuable essays
in Leonardo, Electronic Art Supplemental Issue, 1988. Wright
provides important insights into the role of mathematics in art.
||Introduction to Arnolfini
catalogue of William Latham's work*
||Lansdown is remembered as a great British pioneer
of computer graphics education, and in this introduction he writes
illuminatingly on the work of William Latham.
||Herbert W Franke and Horst Helbig
Mathematically Described and Calculated Visual Art*
||A Leonardo paper in which Franke and his
colleague Helbig set out a manifesto for art derived from mathematics.
||Binkley provides a media-theoretical perspective
on computer art.
||A. Michael Noll
||The Beginnings of Computer
Art in the United States: A Memoir*
||This important essay documents early developments
in the States, in particular the seminal work done at Bell Labs.
and Experiential Domains of Electronic Art*
||A Brazilian perspective on computer art, questioning
the social inequities behind the pursuance of such a discipline in
a developing country.
||Programmed Graphics in
Computer Art and Design
||A Leonardo paper exploring the role of
programming for artists at a time when so much ready-made and high-quality
art and design software was beginning to appear.
||An Emergent Paradigm
||A thoughtful article by an artist and electronic
arts educator and commentator who has been part of the international
scene for many years.
||James Faure Walker
||One of Faure Walker's regular contributions to
CGI magazine. He is both a long-term committed digital fine artist
and a critic with a dry and penetrating wit.
||Computers and Modern
Art: Digital Art Museum
||An essay specially written for Digital Art Museum,
tracing the relationship between the Pioneers of computer fine art
and Modern art movements.